Legacy of Mesopotamian Astronomy & Astrology

General Literature

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The Babyloniaka of Berossus of Babylon

The Babyloniaka (“Babylonian History”) of Berossus of Babylon was dedicated to the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter (ruled 281 to 261 BC). His work is only known from quotations by later authors (Pliny the Elder, Flavius Josephus, Athenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Eusebius Pamphilius, Georgius Syncellus, etc.). According to later traditions, Berossus founded an astrology school on the island of Cos.

Berossus may perhaps be identified with the Babylonian temple official Bel-re’ušunu, who, between 258 and 253 BC, served as šatammu (head of the temple organization) of the Esagila, the temple of the Babylonian supreme god Marduk.

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